Knee surgery is used to diagnose and treat a number of knee joint conditions. With the arthroscopic approach, small incisions are made that allow the doctor to insert a high-powered fiber optic camera and surgical instruments into the knee area. As the doctor watches a monitor linked to the camera, he or she can address the specific needs inside the knee joint.
This type of knee surgery is used for conditions like torn meniscus, torn or damaged anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) or posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), swollen or damaged lining of the joint, misaligned kneecap, small pieces of broken cartilage in the knee joint, removal of Baker’s cyst, and some fractures of the bones of the knee.
Advantages of knee arthroscopy include minimal scarring, reduced pain and bleeding, and lower chance of infection than open surgery.